DGM Ghana recently released its September 2018 newsletter, highlighting some of the project’s tremendous progress and achievements. It’s a must read!
Mozambique’s Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Local Communities (MozDGM) has officially launched!
O Mecanismo de Doações Dedicadas as Comunidades Locais de Moçambique (MozDGM) foi oficialmente lançado!
After approval by the World Bank Board in early December, the US $4.5 million MozDGM project, which puts design and funding decisions in the hands of local communities, has launched with an event in Mozambique’s northern Cabo Delgado province, one of the project’s target landscapes.
Speaking at the event, Daniel Maula, President of the National Steering Committee, reiterated that the initiative is indeed “by and for the communities.” Angelina Siadrece, Vice-President of the MozDGM National Steering Committee and community leader from Macomia, Cabo Delgado, said the project would “bring new energy to local communities for natural resource management.”
Após a aprovação do Conselho do Banco Mundial no início de dezembro, o MozDGM, que tem previsão de cinco anos de duração e verba de US $ 4,5 milhões para deixar as decisões do projecto e seu financiamento nas mãos das comunidades locais, foi anunciado na província de Cabo Delgado, no norte de Moçambique.
Durante o evento, Daniel Maula, Presidente do Comité Diretivo Nacional, reiterou que a iniciativa deve ocorrer de fato “pelas e para as comunidades”. Angelina Siadrece, Vice-Presidente do Comité Diretivo Nacional do MozDGM e líder comunitária de Macomia, distrito de Cabo Delgado, disse que o projeto "trará nova energia para as comunidades locais gerirem seus recursos naturais".
Empowering the Community Voice
With majority of the population living in rural areas, Mozambique’s economies and livelihoods rely on healthy forests and the sustainable use of natural resources. The needs and opinions of rural communities, however, are often lost when it comes to natural resource management policy and decision-making. By providing communities and local leaders with the tools and knowledge they need to understand and participate in sustainable natural resource management, MozDGM will empower them to tailor projects, giving voice to community interests and needs in key national policy platforms.
Designed by members of civil society and local community leaders, with technical support from the World Bank and funded by the Forest Investment Program (FIP), MozDGM will provide community representatives, youth, women and school children technical and skill-based trainings on their rights over local natural resources, and how they can get involved in sustainable resource management and participate meaningfully in decision-making. The hope is that MozDGM will increase community participation and empower local organizations, leading to more effective governance of Mozambique’s valuable natural resources.
Through DGM Global, MozDGM will also open up opportunities to connect the local to the global, facilitating the participation of local communities in decision-making at the international level.
The piloting of models for Community Based Natural Resource Management is another central goal of MozDGM. The project will support 8-10 community projects in agriculture and forest value chains, fisheries and tourism – key areas identified with potential for improving the livelihoods of communities. Projects should promote partnerships with the private sector, business development, and the integration of women and youth.
Dando Voz as Comunidades
Em Moçambique, com a maioria da sua população vivendo em áreas rurais, a economia e os meios de subsistência dependem do uso sustentável dos recursos naturais. Mas muitas vezes, as opiniões e necessidades das comunidades rurais são deixadas de lado quando se trata de políticas e tomada de decisões com relação a gestão desses recursos. Por isso, ao fornecer às comunidades e líderes locais as ferramentas e conhecimentos necessários para que estes entendam e participem da gestão sustentável dos recursos naturais, o MozDGM irá capacitá-los para adaptar os projetos, dando voz aos seus interesses e necessidades nas principais plataformas políticas nacionais.
Desenhado por membros da sociedade civil e líderes comunitários locais, com o apoio técnico do Banco Mundial e financiamento do Programa de Investimento Florestal (FIP), o MozDGM vai fornecer a representantes das comunidades locais, jovens, mulheres e crianças em escolas técnicas os treinamentos necessários para que eles entendam sobre os seus direitos e deveres em relação aos recursos naturais locais e possam se envolver na gestão destes recursos sustentáveis, participando de forma significativa na tomada de decisão. O Objetivo é que o MozDGM aumente a participação das comunidades locais e as capacite, levando a uma governança mais eficaz dos valiosos recursos naturais de Moçambique.
Através do DGM Global, o MozDGM também abrirá oportunidades para conectar o projeto local ao global, facilitando a participação das comunidades locais na tomada de decisões em nível internacional.
O modelo de Gestão Comunitária dos Recursos Naturais é outro objetivo central do projeto. O MozDGM apoiará 8 a 10 projetos comunitários em agricultura, floresta, pesca e turismo - áreas-chave identificadas com potencial para melhorar os meios de subsistência das comunidades locais. Os projetos devem promover parcerias com o setor privado, desenvolvimento de negócios e integração de mulheres e jovens.
Building synergies across projects
MozDGM is part of Mozambique’s Forest Investment Program, alongside the Mozambique Forest Investment Project (MozFIP), which was approved by the FIP Sub-Committee in May 2016. With a focus on local communities, MozDGM aims to increase community involvement in forest- and natural resource-related programs and complement the Bank’s existing integrated landscape management programs supported through MozFIP.
But MozFIP is not the only Bank project that the DGM shares synergies with. Since MozDGM aims to build the capacity of a wide community base and develop a model for community governance and resource management, these benefits will be felt across the World Bank’s Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) Portfolio in Mozambique. This Portfolio includes a series of projects that integrate community-based natural resource management and collaboratively contribute to the promotion of rural development and sustainable natural resource management.
Construindo sinergia entre projetos
O MozDGM faz parte do Programa de Investimento Florestal, ao lado do Projeto de Investimento Florestal de Moçambique (MozFIP), aprovado pelo Subcomitê do FIP em maio de 2016. Com foco nas comunidades locais, o MozDGM pretende aumentar o envolvimento das comunidades em programas relacionados com gestão sustentável de recursos florestais e naturais e também complementar os programas de gestão integrada de paisagem existentes do Banco, apoiados através do MozFIP.
Mas o MozFIP não é o único projeto do Banco Mundial com o qual o DGM compartilha sinergias. Como o MozDGM tem como objectivo fortalecer a capacidade das comunidades locais para participarem ativamente na gestão sustentável dos recursos naturais, espera-se que esses benefícios sejam sentidos em todo o Portfolio de Gestão Integrada de Paisagens (ILM) do Banco Mundial em Moçambique. Este Portfólio reúne diversos projetos com o objetivo de promover a gestão sustentável de recursos naturais renováveis e melhorar os meios de subsistência nas comunidades rurais vulneráveis.
DGM Global will hold its Global Exchange from Friday, November 30 to Saturday, December 1, 2018 in Katowice, Poland. The exchange will focus on effective IPLC engagement in climate policy, and it will feature the participation of several prominent indigenous leaders, who are actively engaged in climate action and UNFCCC negotiations.
Starting this year, countries will embark on a “facilitative dialogue” to review and communicate new and more ambitious NDCs by 2020. In light of these upcoming revisions, the increasing evidence demonstrating the important role that indigenous peoples play in achieving climate goals from natural climate solutions should not be ignored: it should be a call to action…
In June 2018, DGM Global was fortunate to have the participation of the Earth Observation for Indigenous-led Land Management (EO4IM) team at its Americas Exchange in Junin, Peru. The following post was written by the EO4IM team about its experiences at the event.
By: Karyn Tabor
Launched in April of 2018, Earth Observation for Indigenous-led Land Management (EO4IM) is a NASA-funded project being implemented by a team from Conservation International (CI). The project’s objective is to strengthen the technical capacities of indigenous organizations in the Americas – and globally through alignment with the Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (DGM) – to harness the power of earth observation (EO) for enhanced sustainable land management.
Aligned with the ongoing AmeriGEOSS program of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO), the EO4IM initiative will increase regional capacity for sustainable land use decisions and data infrastructure by promoting EO data, tools and web platforms. The EO4IM team conducted its first remote sensing capacity building during the DGM Americas Regional Exchange in Junín, Peru.
The EO4IM team at the Exchange consisted of Karyn Tabor, Jenny Hewson, and Eddy Mendoza from Conservation International, as well as Dr. Cindy Schmidt of NASA. They led several technical sessions at the Exchange, introducing the participating community representatives to a range of remote sensing tools and data products available for forest monitoring and land management. The team focused on free tools that were readily accessible and thematically focused around fire and forest monitoring, illegal extractives, land tenure, and tourism.
The team identified several highlights from the trip:
Meeting with indigenous communities. The team met with three indigenous communities in Junin. In the Palomar community, they shared printed maps of deforestation detected by satellites over the last fourteen years. The community members were very interested in the maps and explained how settlers have repeatedly encroached on their lands. The deforestation caused by these settlers threatens the biodiversity the community values for its cultural and spiritual significance. The community members also shared their concerns about the water pollution resulting from soil erosion from deforestation. They noted that the remote sensing data would be helpful for showing these illegal settlements to the government and hopefully encouraging the government to take action.
Working with the DGM Global team. The exchange featured 25 representatives of indigenous peoples and local communities from nine Latin American countries and Indonesia. This was the EO4IM team's first opportunity to see DGM Global in action, and seeing the level of effort involved in implementing such an event in a remote location was a highlight for the team.
Learning from the participants. While the EO4IM team was invited to share its technical expertise with the participants, the Exchange was a very reciprocal learning opportunity, as the team was able to learn from the community representatives and understand more fully their challenges and successes with land management. The successful incorporation of indigenous rights and the preservation of indigenous lands and heritage require a multi-faceted approach of policy development, legal representation, cultural awareness, capacity building, political will, and monitoring technologies and tools. One of the core purposes of the DGM exchanges is to bring together people with all of these skills, experiences, and knowledge to advance positive social and environmental change.
From June 11-15, DGM Global held its second annual Americas Regional Exchange in Junín, Peru. In total, the exchange featured 25 key representatives of indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs) from 10 countries, including one from Indonesia, whose participation helped promote cross-regional exchange and learning. Seven of these participants (28%) were women. It was a pleasure to work with this group, among whom were experts in forestry, community forest management, lands rights and tenure, mapping, economics, food security, and natural resource management.
Beyond these participants, the Exchange included guests from WWF, Rainforest Alliance, Centro de Agricultura Alternativa do Norte de Minas (CAA/NM), and Samdhana Institute, who are implementing DGM country projects in Peru, Mexico, Brazil, and Indonesia. They joined the exchange to share an additional perspective on the context and DGM activities in their respective countries and to learn more about DGM Peru in order to enhance their own projects.
The event was also supported by the Earth Observation for Indigenous-led Land Management (EO4IM) project, which is being implemented by Conservation International with funding from NASA. The project team joined the exchange to share their knowledge around remote sensing and mapping. They worked with the exchange participants and the communities visited to demonstrate how free online tools and resources could strengthen their land and forest management efforts.
DGM Peru shared its progress to date, particularly its work on legal recognition and land titling for native communities. They noted that these legal processes are very technical and bureaucratic, but they emphasized that the DGM was making progress much more quickly than any previous efforts, which have been underway for decades. Beyond this overview, representatives of regional IPLC organizations gave specific updates on the subprojects they were implementing with DGM Peru funding. They emphasized their close coordination with the beneficiary communities of their subprojects to avoid misunderstandings and disruptions in the future and reported that the communities have been very engaged in these processes.
The exchange featured additional presentations from each of the DGM countries represented, as well as the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), the Abya Yala Indigenous Forum, and the Amerindian Peoples Association of Guyana. Each of these presentations highlighted the importance of close collaboration with communities and ensuring active community engagement in any interventions tied to forests or land tenure.
On June 13-14, exchange participants visited three native communities to learn firsthand how these communities manage their forests and natural resources sustainably and how they have strengthened themselves with the support of DGM Peru. For the first time at a DGM exchange, all of the communities visited were actively involved in the implementation of DGM subprojects.
On the first day of field visits, participants visited the Ashaninka native community of Pampa Michi. This community is represented by the Regional Association of Indigenous Peoples of Selva Central (ARPI-SC) and nationally by the Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Rainforest (AIDESEP), which is one of the two organizations that make up the DGM Peru National Steering Committee (NSC). Pampa Michi’s economy is dependent on tourism, through which the community members share their culture, sell their crafts, and more. With support from DGM Peru and ARPI-SC, Pampa Michi is strengthening its capacity for tourism by constructing a community house, an animal breeding farm, and a community tourism center.
The next day, participants visited two more Ashaninka communities receiving support through DGM Peru: Chontakiari and Palomar. Both communities are represented by Central Ashaninka of Rio Tambo (CART), which is represented nationally by the Confederation of Amazonian Nationalities of Peru (CONAP), which is the other organization on DGM Peru’s National Steering Committee. These communities were more remote, requiring a caravan of a dozen pickup trucks and a ferry ride across the Perené River, but the participants received a warm welcome when they arrived at each community. Chontakiari is seeking legal recognition as a community with support from DGM Peru. They explained that all the requirements for recognition had now been met and they would soon hold a recognition ceremony. Palomar has already achieved this legal recognition, but they don’t yet have titles for their lands. DGM Peru, CONAP, and CART are supporting them with this effort. During this field visit, the EO4IM team also had an opportunity to sit down with the Palomar community to review maps showing deforestation in the region and discuss opportunities for strengthened land management through remote sensing and earth observation data. The community members expressed great interest in the maps, and with continued support from CART and CONAP, they may have opportunities to build this capacity going forward.
Overall, the Americas Exchange participants found the experience very beneficial, with over 90% of participants reporting a greater understanding of the DGM at the global level and in Peru, legal recognition and land titling processes in Peru, and the use of earth observation data and remote sensing. Over 60% also reported a greater understanding of community forest management and policy engagement opportunities related to indigenous peoples, forests, and climate. In general, the participants most appreciated the opportunity to share experiences with their fellow indigenous peoples and local communities from other countries.
The DGM Global Steering Committee (GSC) is preparing to gather in Arlington, Virginia for the Fourth Annual GSC Meeting! During this meeting, the GSC will decide on the DGM Global project workplan and budget for the fourth year of the project. GSC members will also share the DGM’s progress in their respective countries and provide strategic guidance on important aspects of the DGM Global project, including communications, grievance redress, and potential changes to the project’s results framework.
Through their participation in global and national steering committees, representatives of Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) direct all aspects of the DGM, with support from global and national executing agencies. The GSC is composed of one member from each of the operational National Steering Committees (Brazil, Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, Mozambique, Peru, and the Republic of the Congo), as well as one representative of a country outside the Forest Investment Program (Philippines).